Thought Babble

Why is Brussels so white?

Okay, so Brussels itself is extremely diverse. But head to the EU quarter and any large building there sporting blue starry flags, and it’s a different story.

We hear a lot about the flaws of the EU institutions these days – with Brexit (yet again) fast approaching, and the world arguably having more of an eye on the EU in the past 4 years than ever before. But here’s something we don’t often talk about with regards to the Brussels bubble: its lack of ethnocultural diversity. That is until the emergence of the #BrusselsSoWhite hashtag, finally shining the spotlight on the question: Why are the EU institutions so… well white?

European ≠ White

Sure, the EU represents Europe, which means that you would expect European citizens to dominate those blue starry hallways. But it is an embarrassingly outdated mindset that being European equates to being white. Being European in today’s melting pot society is far removed from ethnic lineage, so we should expect this multiculturalism to be reflected in all areas of our society. 

It’s no secret that most EU member states have sizeable ethnic minorities among their citizens, as the map above reveals. Most Western-European states have an immigrant rate of over 12%.

And these figures often don’t even take into account 2nd and 3rd generation immigrants, or those from mixed backgrounds – so the actual percentage of Europeans with some degree of recent overseas lineage is even higher.

*Nationalists, look away now* – a parallel reverse-colonial universe?

The C-word

The historical ties linking the most prominent source countries of immigrants in member states such as the three mentioned above make these groups’ stake in EU affairs even more relevant. That’s right: the colonial past of countries such as France, Germany, Belgium, and the UK means that many citizens today have a lineage from these ex-colonies.

This means that many of these citizens resided in their EU home countries for several generations. And to add insult to injury, their ancestors’ initial move was either due to active encouragement or obligation from their respective European national government to replace the manpower lost after the war.

This has intertwined various non-European and European nations over the decades: Turkey to Germany, the Maghreb nations to France, the Congo to Belgium, and a plethora of Carribean, West African and South Asian states to the UK – to name only a few examples.

A lack of representation

When it comes to the lack of diversity in EU affairs, there are, as always, many contributing factors to consider. First of all, there is the potential accusation that the EU institutions’ HR departments simply discriminate against applicants from ethnic minority backgrounds. And secondly, there is the possibility that not so many individuals from minority backgrounds are applying for such positions in the first place.

As much as we all love a good finger-pointing, the issue at hand seems to be a result of the latter scenario. Rather, the ethnic homogeneity of the EU institutions is most likely the result of subtle yet persistent socio-cultural tendencies for certain minorities to feel unwelcome or disconnected from certain professional spheres.

We can see from the often healthy proportion of ethnic minorities taking up professions as doctors, lawyers, and accountants that this is not a simple case of the US buzzword “white privilege” for high-skilled professions (though this undoubtedly still plays a part), but is more specific to jobs related to EU affairs.

Nowadays, all EU citizens are at risk of feeling detached from the EU, but what is it about ethnic minority groups that makes them particularly disengaged from the Brussels buzz?

Whatever your ethnicity, you may well agree that this ethnic homogeneity within Brussels should change, but you would be forgiven for assuming that this is not your fight. But this absence of diversity at the hub of EU decision-making harms all of us, as it propagates the mindset that only that small slice of the population has been summoned to fill this role. 

#BrusselsSoWhite: Time For Change

Admittedly, the EU promotes equality for all and shuns discrimination of any kind – and this is something to be celebrated. That being said, advocates of EU values and inclusivity must practise what they preach in terms of making an effort to normalise cultural diversity, and to stop pigeonholing people according to our prejudices – as harmless as they may sometimes seem.

For instance, the stereotypical image of what a Dutch or a Swedish person must look like. It’s now 2020, and we should not still be asking someone where they’re “really from,” if their initial answer combined with their appearance or name doesn’t fly with your prejudices.

Rather than blaming any individual or even the EU institutions themselves, this ongoing lack of ethnic diversity must be addressed as a more complex sociocultural phenomenon. While ethnic-minority Europeans often feel that they don’t belong in certain spaces, outdated attitudes towards ethnicity and national identity are propagated and maintained.

The bottom line

Given Europe’s ugly history with racism and the current anti-immigration rhetoric infiltrating global politics, the institutions’ continued lack of diversity is an understandably sensitive topic.

There is also the risk of Europe taking an approach to “race” similar to that of the US, attaching labels to its population. Categorising EU citizens in this way will only intensify social divisions, but the French method of ignoring the very existence of ethnic diversity may not be the best option either.

In short, we must find a balance between making ethnicity into something more important than it really is, and disregarding its existence altogether, as both ends of the spectrum are insidiously harmful.

 

Roxanna Azimy
Co-Editor of Euro Babble, Roxanna is a British and Iranian advocacy writer specialised in human rights, health, and welfare. With a languages degree from King's College London, a Masters in European Studies from LSE, and an EU communications background, she strives to increase the visibility of ethical and sociocultural issues in Europe and beyond. Twitter: @RoxannaYasmin Medium: @RoxannaAzimy
http://roxannaazimy.com

One Reply to “Why is Brussels so white?

  1. It’s no secret that educated or aspirational migrants go for more meritocratic roles in technical fields. This is most likely because advancement does not rely so heavily on social networks and understanding linguistic and social cues.

    While it can be frustrating when people conflate class and race issues, I firmly believe the EU bubble’s issues are more closely linked to class than race, and that the two virtually go hand-in-hand.

    The bubble takes quite a progressive and logical approach to racism, which is more or less horror that it still exists when science tells us it does not. However, like many liberally-minded communities, it does so without ever having to have much contact with different racial groups, and sneers at the poorer white communities who live in or among non-white communities and display resentment towards them.

    This is the common liberal intelligentsia/cosmopolitan elite relationship with less mobile and educated communities that Ivan Krastev often speaks of. The latter is grounded in a sense of place while the former can and does adapt to anywhere. Only, the Brussels bubble isn’t as cosmopolitan as it thinks it is.

    Yes, many of its professionals speak multiple (usually only Romance or Germanic) languages, yes they have multiple degrees, but no most of them have not lived in communities that could be described as non-western, no most of them are not adept at code-switching across class and ethnic boundaries, and yes most of them come from upper middle class backgrounds, if not positively Euro brat privileged backgrounds. This makes them extremely adept at moving in Brussels circles but also extremely disconnected from the broader populations in their home countries.

    And none of this means there isn’t racism. Stereotypes abound in conversations that feature race in Brussels, such is the limited knowledge of the bubble. Blacks are sexualised or deemed to be physically imposing, the Moroccans are troublesome, comments like “my boyfriend is a bit racist, only against the blacks though”, are commonplace, “I’m not racist but…”, “they need to start integrating”, “Asia is doing it so there’s not excuse for Africa”. These sort of casually racist, not so casually racist, and deeply misinformed and narrow-minded attitudes were exemplified in an EU youth parliament session when a young black speaker was booed for suggestion African countries should receive reparations for colonisation.

    As a non-white European living and working in Brussels, I’m often tired of conforming to the social norms of the bubble. Even the pop culture references that most young people share here, despite being from all corners of Europe, are surprisingly generic. I need to leave the bubble to hear music, sensibilities, heck even just body language that reminds me of home (London) in its diversity.

    The EU has the key to its issues of a population that doesn’t understand it or care about it right in front of its nose: its young second, third, nth generation immigrants. We feel more European than anything else. It’s a realisation we often come to begrudgingly. When the EU bubble decides to broaden its horizons and actively tempt in people who are just as capable but from different class and ethnic backgrounds, then maybe it will be able to grab the attention of the whole continent.

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